With the PQ's crushing defeat last night comes the inevitable question about the future of the sovereignty movement in Quebec.
The PQ's challenge now, analysts say, is to rebuild and redefine both itself and the movement.
There's very little doubt that Pauline Marois' refusal to discount another referendum added to her party's devastating performance last night.
Her party's standing dropped as the question of Quebec's independence was raised again and again.
Quebec voters were clearly uninterested in opening that can of worms.
But political analyst Bruce Hicks thinks the sovereignty movement, while down, is far from out.
The PQ just has to move beyond its older francophone and rural base.
"They've got to do some existential soul-searching and make a case for [sovereignty]," Hicks said. "And how to attract younger voters."
Hicks called Quebec solidaire the true heirs of René Lévesque.
Société St-Jean-Baptiste president Mario Beaulieu, meanwhile, thinks sovereignty was not discussed enough by the Marois government between elections.
By not bringing the issue up, he said Marois let it get away from the political arena, to her detriment.
"Since sovereignty has been put aside, there has been a fragmentation of many parties and many organizations," he said. "So for me, this is an opportunity to reunite all sovereignist movements and have a more efficient and cohesive approach."