The Quebec Court of Appeal has upheld the conviction of Désiré Munyaneza for his role in the Rwandan genocide in 1994.
Munyaneza fled to Canada in 1997, seeking refugee status. He was arrested in Toronto in 2005, and tried under Canada's Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act.
He was convicted in Quebec Superior Court in 2009 on several charges relating to rape and civilian massacres in Rwanda.
The 47-year-old is currently serving a life sentence at Kingston Pentientiary. His lawyer says he isn't ruling out taking the case to the Supreme Court.
Munyaneza, who came from a wealthy Hutu family, was the head of a militia when the violence against Tutsis began in April 1994.
800,000 people — minority Tutsis and moderate Hutus — were murdered in the country in just three months.